The landscape of Wi-Fi standards that will help service providers take responsibility for managing home Wi-Fi CPE is still evolving. There are several standards and open source initiatives that are intended to help service providers manage the in-home quality of experience for their subscribers, but none are fully specified or widely adopted yet. This puts the service provider looking for a technology path for managing home Wi-Fi that will serve them today, as well as tomorrow, in a tough situation. Do they purchase a solution or build it themselves using an open source initiative? Which Wi-Fi standards will impact the effectiveness of their solution today and tomorrow? To help service providers navigate this territory, ASSIA’s Director of Standards, Ken Kerpez, put together a “Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards”. The goal of this paper is to help organizations understand the different standards and open-source initiatives and the role each plays in cloud-based Wi-Fi management.
The Present Situation: The “Crossroads”
This section of the “Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards” looks at how the widely adopted TR-069 protocol, the defacto management standard, was not built to handle the volume and complexity of communications today. The protocol was not designed to cope with factors such as the number of devices, the volume of data, mesh networking, security issues, and multiple IoT devices. As a result, some service providers have developed in-house proprietary solutions. This trend, of course, reduces interoperability and agility.
Evolution of Competition and OTT Technology
This section of the “Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards” starts with the emergence of Over the Top (OTT) players such as Amazon and Google providing content, applications, e-commerce and consumer electronics creating a challenge for service providers, who were already facing increased costs. As result, many, who may have just implemented TR-069, started to move beyond TR-069 in a variety of ways. It breaks this evolution into three, somewhat overlapping phases.
- Phase 1: Re-engineering propriety software stacks
- Phase 2: Interoperability
- Phase 3: Adoption of common initiatives
CPE Management Standards and Open Source Initiatives
This section of the “Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards” dives deep into the three major initiatives listed in the table below.
|Initiatives||Description & Purpose||Supporting Organizations|
|USP/TR-369||Remote management of CPE which encompasses IoT. The next generation of the TR-069 standard. Uses the TR-181 data model, also used by TR-069, with objects for managing Wi-Fi including Data Elements, multi-AP and single-AP||Broadband Forum, which has more than 100 principal members, both service providers and vendors (e.g., AT&T, SoftBank, Cisco and Qualcomm)|
|prplMesh||An implementation of Wi-Fi Multi-AP / EasyMesh™ specification from the Wi-Fi Alliance to manage multiple access points with a single on-premise controller.||prpl Foundation, an opensource, community-driven, collaborative, nonprofit foundation with more than 30 members (e.g., Broadcom, Intel and Vodafone) and more than 200 active engineers. Also defining common interfaces for managing Wi-Fi the Broadband Forum.|
|Data Elements||Defines select parameters for monitoring and diagnostics of Wi-Fi, particularly for Multi-AP. Now being extended to cover new Multi-AP features, Wi-Fi 6, and remote configuration.||The Wi-Fi Alliance, with hundreds of members, and defines certification of Wi-Fi devices for conformance and interoperability/|
|OpenSync||Open source middleware to enable common SDN control of, and data collection from, the CPE. Runs on a proprietary server.||Plume|
As the “Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards” discusses, these new standards such as USP/TR-369 will make it easier for service providers to take ownership of the Wi-Fi environment as an essential component of their broadband service delivery. These upcoming standards will also enable service providers to offer new and incremental services, expanding their revenue base.
Download our complete Guide to Cloud-based Wi-Fi Management Standards and Open Source White Paper
A complete overview of the CPE Management Standards and open-source initiatives, and what they intend to accomplish:
- From TR-069 to USP/TR-369
Other related materials by ASSIA’s Director of Standards Ken Kerpez, that may be of interest to you are:
- Wi-Fi Alliance Certified Data Elements™ is a valuable part of TR-369 data model. You can read more about it in our blog “Wi-Fi Data Elements and CloudCheck.”
- ASSIA actively contributes to many standards initiatives, to learn which ones, download Ken’s paper “ASSIA Participation in Standards Organizations